Project Descriptions




4. Practice-based Research


b)  Relationship of Gesture to Communicative Authenticity in Performance 


- as characterized by William Westney and Cynthia M. Grund:


What does an audience "get" when it experiences a performance as genuine?


  • Participation in direct performer-audience communication through music might be one suggestion.
  • Another possibility is that the audience perceives the performer's commitment to the music itself and that this commitment infuses the performance with a kind of integrity. In this latter scenario, the notion of communication seems inappropriate - or at least less-than-adequate - as a means of characterizing what is going on.
       In this project we explore this aspect of the performer-audience dynamic against the backdrop provided by
    • reflections on the insights won during Westney’s 25 years of research within the evolving laboratory provided by his Un-Master Classes; and
    • Grund’s suggestion that listening in the musical context be characterized as a species of counterfactual hearing.



See, for example:


(2010) Grund, C.M and Westney, W. Music, Movement, Performance & Perception: Perspectives on Cross-Disciplinary Research and Teaching within NNIMIPA - Nordic Network for the Integration of Music Informatics, Performance and Aesthetics. An essay in words and pictures recounting the NordPlus-sponsored Coordination Meeting for NNIMIPA held at the University of Oslo, February 18-19, 2010. Text: Cynthia M. Grund and William Westney. Photography: Cynthia M. Grund. Odense: The Institute of Philosophy, Education and the Study of Religions at the University of Southern Denmark and NNIMIPA: Nordic Network for the Integration of Music Informatics, Performance and Aesthetics, a network supported by NordPlus, 76 pages. ISBN 987-87-92646-11-8.


available at, and, for additional background,


Jensenius, Alexander Refsum; Kristian Nymoen; Cynthia M. Grund; William Westney; Ståle A. Skogstad (2010). "Video Suite - in Three Movements: Jensenius-Westney-Grund on Motion-capture, Music and Meaning." Multimodal webpage presentation of original motion-capture video with accompanying audio, including original documentary-and-interview video-and-audio about the motion-capture labwork. Webpage:, finalized on April 25, 2010, on the website for NNIMIPA: Nordic Network for the Integration of Music Informatics, Performance and Aesthetics, a network funded under The Nordic Council of Ministers' NordPlus Program. NNIMIPA Webmaster and Network Coordinator: C.M. Grund.


which is available at


See also  the peer-reviewed chapter


Jensen, Krisoffer; Søren R. Frimodt-Moller; and Cynthia M Grund. "From Network to Research - Ten Years of Music Informatics, Performance and Aesthetics” in


 Arts and Technology

Second International Conference, ArtsIT 2011, Esbjerg, Denmark, December 10-11, 2011, Revised Selected Papers

Brooks, Anthony L. (Ed.)

2012, 2012, XII, 177 p. 80 illus.


available online (with appropriate access) at


In addtiion, the peer-reviewed article


"Perspectives on Gesture from Music Informatics, Performance and Aesthetics" by  Kristoffer Jensen, Søren R. Frimodt-Møller and Cynthia M. Grund in ArtsIT2011, a special issue of  IJART (International Journal of Art & Technology), to be published by Inderscience in 2012


soon will be appearing.


The Aesthetics of Music and Sound -              

Cross-Disciplinary Interplay between the Humanities, Technology and Musical Practice    

(William Westney, Kristoffer Jensen, Cynthia M. Grund, Søren R. Frimodt-Møller)




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Institute for the Study of Culture

Institut for Kulturvidenskaber (IKV)


Research Director for

The Aesthetics of

Music and Sound


Editor and Webmaster for

Cynthia M. Grund





(For descriptions, please click on the tabs at the top of the page.)


1.Understanding Music through Modern Technology

a) Recognizing Music

b) Recognition of Expressive Styles in Music Performance

c) Autonomous Agents – An Accompanist in VR

d) The Composition and Its Role in the Ensemble

2. Intermediality

a) Intermediality

b) Lyric and Meaning in Music

c) Towards an Aesthetic Theory of Correlativity

d) Are Treatments of the Metaphysics of Music in Medieval Literature Relevant for Current Theories of Musical Meaning and Significance?

3. Learning through Music

a) Music Communication

b) Children's Knowledge Creation with Intelligent Agents in Music Education - Understanding for Optimizing Motivations

c) Adaptable Interfaces & Augmented Avatar - Introducing Tools for the Disabled and Musicians in VR

d) Community Singing and/or Ideology

e) Creating Creativity

f) Understanding Musical Creativity and Aesthetics in a Digital-Based Youth Cultural Context

g) The Sound of Movement - the Sound of Learning

4. Practice-based Research

a) Analysis and Implementation of Practice-Based Research

b) Relationship of Gesture to Communicative Authenticity in Performance

c) Musical Implications of the Work of Selected Philosophers

d) Employing the Methods of Discourse Narrative to Support Interpretive Choices Faced by the Practicing Musician

e) Soundmapping the Genes

f) A Program of Practice-based Research Designed to Examine Listener Reaction to Olivier Messiaens Vingt Regards sur l'Enfant Jesus

g) The Interrelationship of Notation and Performance

h) Technological and Aesthetic Investigations of the Physical Movements of Pianists

5. Selective Bibliography